Based around a now lost 12th-century Benedictine Priory, destroyed during the Dissolution of the Monasteries, the Grade I listed Anglican church of St James is the largest church in The Deepings. It is a mixture of Norman, Early English and Perpendicular styles, with a tower and spire added in 1717. The stones from the priory were used to build various 17th-century buildings in the area.
The village also has an 18th-century village lock-up, constructed on the site and with the materials from a 15th-century wayside cross.
In the 17th century the manor was associated with the Wymondsold family of Welbeck Place, Putney, Surrey and East Lockinge, Berks.
St James Deeping railway station, built by the Great Northern Railway Company in 1848, was closed in 1964.
Although the separate cut for the Stamford Canal did not start until upstream of Market Deeping, Briggin’s lock (or the Deeping High lock) was an important part of the Welland Navigation, and is still in place but is not navigable.